Saturday, 22 December 2012

Law Firms In New Delhi India

Legal field around the world is growing. Law is a very complicated and vast area and with the amalgamation of information and communication technology (ICT), law has taken a new shape.

New areas like cyber law, cyber forensics, cyber security, e-discovery, e-commerce, etc have been emerging. However, there are very few legal institutions that cover these technical areas of law. The fact is that law is today a techno legal filed where both technical and legal fields have merged.

Naturally, finding good techno legal firms in India and other parts of the world is really tough. Many have expressed the opinion that there is an urgent need to have a comprehensive Indian law database that can serve the legal requirements of various stakeholders.

The good news is that Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have provided the exclusive techno legal database of Indian law firms. As on date, it is the most comprehensive laws and law firms’ database of India that is really handy for various stakeholders.
For instance, if you are looking for a cyber law firms in New Delhi India, the platform of Perry4Law and PTLB would provide you a link of the same where not only details about Indian cyber law firms would be provided but also legal position of cyber law and related fields would also be discussed there.

In short not only details about various law firms would be there but also brief discussion about the respective field would be provided so that basic level legal information is available to the reader or viewer. You can see the law firms in New Delhi India segment of Perry4Law and PTLB for more information.

The platform main objective is to provide comprehensive and holistic information to the readers and viewers about the initiatives of Perry4Law and PTLB. Further, relevant links have also been provided so that readers can have a readymade reference resource at their disposal.

Gradually, the platform would cover diverse techno legal fields as are managed by Perry4Law/PTLB and other firms. This is a really ambitious and useful initiative and it is certainly going to be really useful for both national and international stakeholders.

Indian Laws And Law Firms Database

Have you ever wished that there should be a comprehensive Indian law database that can serve the legal requirements of various stakeholders? Well here is the good news. Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have provided the exclusive techno legal database of Indian law firms.

It is the most comprehensive laws and law firms database of India that is really handy fr various stakeholders.

See Law Firms In New Delhi India for more.

Thursday, 20 December 2012

National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) Of India

Cyber law issues, cyber security and national security are on agenda of Indian government these days. However, till now cyber security in India is not upto the mark and cyber law of India requires an urgent repeal. This is because the entire approach and attitude of India government is defective.

Indian government has failed to understand that e-surveillance is not a substitute for cyber security capabilities. Instead of developing cyber security capabilities of India, the Indian government is stressing upon growing use of e-surveillance in India and Internet censorship in India.

All these exercises of India government have been done without any legal framework supporting these initiatives of Indian government. Phones are tapped in India without a constitutionally valid phone tapping laws in India. The central monitoring system project of India (CMS Project of India) is also not supported by any legal framework. Surveillance of Internet traffic in India is also another area that requires a sound legal framework. Various authorities with far reaching powers have been created without any legal backing.

See ICTPS Blog for more.

Wednesday, 19 December 2012

E-Books Market In India

Electronic books publication is the latest trend world over. Although the market share of books publication is still dominated by printed books yet e-books business segment is also fast catching up.

Many e-commerce players belonging to education sector are eying India for a larger market for e-books. This cannot be effectively done till e-commerce laws and regulations in India are duly followed.

See E-Books Publication In India And E-Commerce Industry for more.

Tuesday, 18 December 2012

Cyber Security In India

I have started another blog titled cyber security in India. The same would primarily cover issues pertaining to cyber security in India and world wide. However, other techno legal issues of national and international importance would also be covered. I request my friends to join me in this endeavour and help the platform to reach the level where our other platforms have reached.

See Cyber Security In India for more.

Monday, 17 December 2012

Law Firms For Cyber Law In New Delhi India

Cyber Law of India is incorporated in the information technology act, 2000 (IT Act 2000). Being a new and upcoming field, there are very few cyber law firms In India, cyber law lawyers in India, cyber law advocates in India and cyber law legal firms in India.

Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have been strengthening the legal framework for cyber law, cyber security and cyber forensics and other techno legal aspects.

Structuring Of Investments In Indian E-Commerce Sector

The structuring of investments in Indian e-commerce sector is not an easy task to manage. On the one hand the e-commerce players must comply with the technical requirements whereas on the other hand they have to follow the laws of the land. In short, e-commerce businesses in India must ensure techno legal compliances in India.

E-commerce laws and regulation of India are scattered under various enactments. This is the reason that a majority of e-commerce players in India do not know about the same. In fact, a common perception among e-commerce players of India, both national and international, is that laws of India are not required to be followed to do e-commerce business in India.

FDI in wholesale trading and e-commerce sectors of India under consolidated FDI policy of India 2012 was given a major boost by Indian government. Even the parliament of India recently approved FDI in e-commerce sector of India. This has given rise to an increased activity in the e-commerce field.

However, while structuring of investments in e-commerce business in India both national and global financer, investors and private equity players must keep in mind the techno legal requirements of India. In case of doubt they may seek the techno legal services of Perry4Law and similar law firms.

See Techno Legal News for more.

Sunday, 16 December 2012

Social Networking Websites And Cyber Crimes In India

We have no dedicated social media laws in India although guidelines for social media contents monitoring in India may be prescribed. Although we have a cyber law in India in the form of information technology act 2000 (IT Act 2000) yet we have no dedicated social networking laws in India. The cyber law for social media in India needs to be strengthened further keeping in mind a balance between civil liberties and law enforcement requirements.

Human rights protection in cyberspace in India is also required to be considered by Indian government. Presently, protecting civil liberties protection in Indian cyberspace is not a priority for India and this is a serious problem.

For instance, till now we have no social media policy in India. Even we do not have dedicated social networking laws in India that can take care of the misuses of social platforms. However, the framework and guidelines for use of social media for government organisations has been recently suggested by department of information technology. Theses guidelines provide an Indian social media framework for governmental departments and organisations that employees of these organisations must follow.

Social media is considered to be an Internet intermediary as per Indian cyber law. The recent controversy of Internet censorship in India has once again reiterated the importance of effective social media laws in India.

Cyber law due diligence in India has become very stringent. This applies to various fields and to multiple stakeholders. For instance, cyber due diligence for banks in India is now a well known requirement for banks in India. However, Internet intermediaries are the most widely covered stakeholders in this regard. Intermediaries liability for cyber law due diligence in India is really tough and they must take it very seriously.

See ICTPS Blog for more.  

Friday, 14 December 2012

Legal Issues Of E-Commerce In India

Legal issues of online shopping in India are not easy to manage. There are many e-commerce laws in India that various e-commerce players must comply with. Of course we have no dedicated electronic commerce laws in India yet the IT Act 2000 covers many aspects of the same.

However, questions about two aspects are very frequently raised by e-commerce players. These pertain to the legal requirements for undertaking e-commerce in India and online shopping in India.

With the active use of electronic commerce in India the electronic commerce dispute resolution in India is also required to be strengthened. The present litigation system of India is not conducive for the growth of e-commerce n India and online dispute resolution in India and e-courts are more appropriate for such purposes.

Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have launched dedicated platforms for resolving e-commerce, domain name, commercial, technological and cross border disputes resolution in India and word wide. These include platforms named Electronic Courts, E-Judiciary, ODR India, Online Arbitration, etc.

Legal Issues Of Online Business In India

Legal issues of online business in India are still not taken seriously by majority of Indian and international e-commerce entrepreneurs and players. Although there are many e-commerce laws and regulations in India yet many e-commerce players are not paying heed to the same. 

Naturally Indian government has become serious about violation of various laws by many e-commerce players. For instance, Indian government has already referred the cases of Flipkart and Bharti Walmart to the Enforcement Directorate for alleged violation of foreign direct investment (FDI) regulations. Similarly, a probe against Walmart in India for market access lobbying has been ordered by Indian government.

Our legal system does not have enough safeguards in place to address issues like identity theft, unfair credit charges and other such problems. These issues are closely related to online shopping and e-commerce business.

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Indian Government Orders Probe Into Walmart Lobbying

Indian government finally succumbed to the pressure tactics of opposition party and ordered for a probe against Walmart for alleged lobbying t get market access in India. The investigation would be conducted in a time bound manner and by a retired judge of India.

Meanwhile, Bharti Walmart has defended its joint venture partner by saying that the $25 million cost incurred by the parent company Walmart on lobbying was restricted to its expenses on American officials in the US.

See Probe Against Walmart In India Ordered For Market Access Lobbying for more.

Tuesday, 11 December 2012

Indian E-Commerce, FDI Regulations And Cyber Due Diligence

E-Commerce Laws and Regulations in India and FDI Regulations are two of the most common Regulations governing E-Commerce in India, says Praveen Dalal, managing partner of ICT law firm Perry4Law. While Indian E-Commerce players are well aware of FDI Regulations yet E-Commerce Laws of India are still not followed by and large, opines Dalal. 

For a legal e-commerce business in India, the e-commerce businesses structuring in India must be done with due regard to applicable laws of India. The legal research report by Perry4Law for business structuring of e-commerce in India has given a special emphasis to techno legal compliances for that e-commerce players of India must follow.

For instance, Cyber Law Due Diligence in India and Cyber Due Diligence for Indian Companies are equally applicable to E-Commerce Players of India, suggests Dalal. There is a general Apathy among E-Commerce Players of India towards complying with these Statutory Requirements, opines Dalal.

See Cjnews India for more.

Monday, 10 December 2012

Business Structuring Of E-Commerce In India: Legal Research Report By Perry4Law

E-commerce businesses structuring in India is the latest concept in India. Thanks to the flourishing usage of information and communication technology (ICT) in India, e-commerce entrepreneurs have started exploring this avenue. However, practical difficulties and legal hassles are still troubling Indian e-commerce players. In this very useful techno legal research report made by Perry4Law, it has shared the techno legal aspects of e-commerce rules and regulations of India.

See Cjnews India for more.

Sunday, 9 December 2012

Cyber Forensics Services In India

Cyber Forensics in India is still maturing. Further, Cyber Security in India is also at the infancy stage. Perry4Law and Perry4Law’s Techno Legal Base (PTLB) have been providing Techno Legal Cyber Forensics Services in India and abroad for long. The Cyber Forensics Services of Perry4Law and PTLB cater both Technical and Legal Aspects of Cyber Forensics.

Perry4Law is also managing a Unique and Exclusive Techno-Legal Cyber Forensics Research And Development Centre Of India (CFRDCI). It is supported by PTLB, Perry4Law Techno Legal ICT Training Centre (PTLITC) and other Techno-Legal Initiatives of Perry4Law. The aim of CFRDCI is to Strengthen Cyber Forensics in India in general and Cyber Forensics Capabilities of India in particular.

To strengthen the Cyber Forensics Initiatives of Perry4Law and PTLB, we have been managing the Exclusive Techno Legal Cyber Security Research And Development Centre Of India (CSRDCI), National Cyber Security Database of India (NCSDI), Cyber Crimes Investigation Centre of India (CCICI), Centre Of Excellence On Cyber Security In India and many more Techno Legal Initiatives.

Some of the Techno Legal Services that we provide include Cyber Law, Cyber Security and Cyber Forensics “Cross Examinations”, “Expert Testimonies”, “Techno-Legal Consultations”, “Legal Consultancy”, Cyber Forensics Investigation Solutions, Hidden Internet Forensics, IP Address Spoofing Defenses, and other similar Services and Litigation Support for these areas.

We also provide “Techno-Legal” help for Cyber Forensics Issues, Digital Evidence Recovery, E-Discovery, E-Mail IP Tracking, IP Tracking, Data Recovery, Malware Investigation, Hacking Investigation, Cyber Security, Forensically Sound Data Collection, etc.

If you need our Professional Services, you may Contact Us along with payment of our Professional Fees and Charges. See the Binding Legal Agreement before Contacting Us.

Source: Cyber Forensics In India.

Friday, 7 December 2012

Law Firms For E-Commerce Businesses Structuring In India

In this techno legal research report made by Perry4Law, India’s exclusive techno legal ICT and e-commerce law firm of India, it has shared the techno legal aspects of e-commerce rules and regulations of India.

About Perry4Law

Perry4Law is the Exclusive Techno Legal Corporate, IP And ICT Law Firm of India that is providing domain specific services on Corporate, IP and ICT matters such as Banking and Finance, Business Setup, Corporate and Commercial Advisory, etc. See Perry4Law’s Services for more details.

See Cjnews India for more.

Facebook Cyber Law In India

Internet intermediaries in India are required to follow certain due diligence requirements under the cyber law of India incorporated in the information technology act, 2000 (IT Act 2000). If they fail to observe such cyber due diligence, the safe harbour protection available under the IT Act 2000 is lost.

While pre screening of contents and expecting Internet intermediaries like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Yahoo, YouTube, Linkedin, etc to keep a vigil watch upon the Internet is simply unreasonable and unrealistic yet asking Internet intermediaries to block or remove offending contents, after they have been duly notified in this regard, is a genuine need and reasonable demand.

Such removal or non removal of objectionable and offending contents cannot be considered to be right or wrong as per Internet intermediaries or Indian government’s viewpoint. Rather an independent analysis of the same must be made by courts keeping in mind the facts and applicable laws.

Further, there must be uniformity in application of Indian laws to all in similar situations. If there is a discrimination against foreign companies and favour for domestic companies, this undermines the confidence and trust of online community world over. For instance, recently Reliance and Airtel blocked websites in India whose legality is still doubtful. Department of information technology (DIT) must investigate such blocking in order to rule out favoritism for domestic companies.

It has also been reported that social media websites users in other states of India are planning to engage in legal battles in such states to access any blockage of such websites. Legally they can do so but in the long run such a move would be counter productive.

In the past, the argument of being a subsidiary has kicked back and now the parent company has to face the trial. Even if the subsidiaries are exempted from any criminal liability, the liability of parent company is now emerging as an even bigger issue. Let us see how Indian Courts would decide these cases.

Source: Cjnews India.

Sunday, 2 December 2012

Crisis Management Plan Of India For Cyber Attacks And Cyber Terrorism

Crisis management plan of India is one of the most vital policy necessities. The primary reason for the sane is because the intimidation of cyber attacks, cyber espionage and cyber terrorism are intimidating for India. India needs to appreciate the gravity of cyber attacks upon its critical infrastructures and cyberspace. To begin with, India must prepare a crisis management plan to deal with cyber attacks, cyber terrorism and cyber espionage attempts.

Crisis management plan (CMP) is a measure of readiness to meet uncertainties and future risks and accidents. If we have a good crisis management plan at place, we can minimise the damage and harm to maximum possible extent.

CMP pertaining to information and communication technology (ICT) is an essential part of national ICT policy of India. The other parts of national ICT policy of India are cyber security policy of India, critical infrastructure protection policy of India, critical national infrastructure protection policy of India from cyber attacks, national security policy of India, etc.

Similarly, we must also formulate a cyber security policy for India. With more and more networks and computers are now connected with public utilities and essential public services, cyber security assumes great significance these days. India is also looking forward for mandatory electronic delivery of services. This would increase the risks of cyber attacks upon crucial public delivery systems of India.

The government of India has issues certain guidelines to safeguard Indian cyberspace. According to these guidelines no sensitive information is to be stored on the systems that are connected to Internet. The Government has also claimed to have formulated Crisis Management Plan for countering cyber attacks and cyber terrorism for implementation by all Ministries/ Departments of Central Government, State Governments and their organizations and critical sectors.

The organisations operating critical information infrastructure have been advised to implement information security management practices based on International Standard ISO 27001. Ministries and Departments have been further advised to carry out their IT systems audit regularly to ensure robustness of their systems. Ministry of External Affairs has also issued a comprehensive set of IT security instructions for all users of MEA and periodically updates them on vulnerabilities.

Although the steps taken by Indian government are praiseworthy, they are not sufficient to ward off the sophisticated cyber attacks. The practical implementation of the crisis management plan of India is still missing. With a beginning already taken place, it needs a political will to give it a final shape and help it to reach its final destination.

Source: Cjnews India.

Illegal And Unconstitutional Biometrics Collection Laws And Practices In India

India is witnessing one of the “Most Precarious Times” for Human Rights and Civil Liberties Protections. Indian Citizens are very “Vulnerable” to Human Rights Violations and open Infringement of their Fundamental Rights and Human Rights.

The Constitution of India has conferred many Fundamental Rights upon Indian Citizens and Persons. However, Indian Government is acting in clear “Derogation” of these Fundamental Rights and Human Rights.

Article 21 of Indian Constitution confers Privacy Rights in India to all. Similarly, Article 21 also confers Right to Life and Liberty to all that cannot be taken away except by “Due Process of Law”. Articles 14, 19 and 21 collectively protect against “Arbitrary and Unconstitutional State Actions”.

Despite all these “Protections and Rights” we have Authorities like Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) that is not governed by any Law whatsoever. Similarly, we have provisions pertaining to National Population Register (NPR) of India that are clearly “Unconstitutional”.

We have no dedicated Data Protection Laws in India, Data Security Laws in India, Cyber Security Laws in India, etc. Even the Cyber Law of India, incorporated in the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act 2000), is an “Endemic E-Surveillance Enabling Law” that requires urgent “Repeal”.
Cyber Security in India is also in bad shape and even the Supreme Court of India has chided Indian Government to boost up its Cyber Security to protect National Security of India. National Security and Right to Information in India are on “Crossroads” where the “National Security Card” is very frequently played by Indian Government to deny “Legitimate and Eligible Information” to Indian Citizens.

In all this “Political and Legislative Mess” we have a “Bonus” for Indian Government as well. The Parliamentary Oversight of Intelligence Agencies of India is missing and they are “Not Accountable” to any “Legislative and Parliamentary Scrutiny”.  Intelligence related Projects like National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID), Central Monitoring System (CMS) of India, proposed National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) of India, etc have no Parliamentary Approval and Oversight.  

There is no second opinion that collection of “Highly Sensitive Biometric Details” by any Governmental Agency or Authority in such circumstances is not only “Unconstitutional” but is also “Highly Risky” for Life and Liberty of Indian Citizens/Persons. In fact, collection of Biometric Details by UIDAI and NPR are clearly “Unconstitutional and Illegal” and Indian Citizens and Residents can “Refuse” to provide the same no matter what these Authorities and Laws say.

Human Rights Protection in India is at its nadir. Similarly, Civil Liberties Protection in Indian Cyberspace is in doldrums. If we keep on succumbing to the “Pressure Tactics” of Indian Government, the day would be not far when Indian Government would have complete control over our “Body and Soul”.